Economic Relations

There has been a huge divide between socialist constitutions and other constitutions in the world. Socialist Constitutions often provide in detail the role of the state in the regulation of the economy. Traditionally, other constitutions have been generally silent about the economy.

However, since the fall of the Soviet bloc, some countries of the developing world have felt it necessary to include provisions in their constitutions relating to this subject. Often those countries which do include such provisions establish generally that the economic system of the country shall be based upon a free market economy and at the same time, the constitutions of these states will sometimes provide for a regulatory role for the state.

Another commonly covered topic is the right of foreigners to own property. The Constitutions of Bulgaria and Albania cover these topics, for example, and the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina provides for the free movement of goods, persons, services, and capital, thus incorporating the basic free market measures found in the treaties of the European Union.

In Kosovo, the Ahtisaari plan has three basic requirements relating to economic relations which must be included in the Constitution. The plan requires Kosovo to use only one currency as legal tender, to establish an independent central banking authority, and to establish market regulatory bodies.

Consequently, there are many questions to be answered with respect to what Kosovo’s constitution should say on this subject. There is the general question as to how many specific details implementing the Ahtisaari requirements should be included, and, of course, there are the questions, mentioned in the constitutions discussed above, which will need to be considered as well. 

Constitutional Chapters

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Photos from public debates